Since her death in 1979, the woman who discovered what the universe is made of has not so much as received a memorial plaque. Her newspaper obituaries do not mention her greatest discovery. […] Every high school student knows that Isaac Newton discovered gravity, that Charles Darwin discovered evolution, and that Albert Einstein discovered the relativity of time. But when it comes to the composition of our universe, the textbooks simply say that the most abundant atom in the universe is hydrogen. And no one ever wonders how we know.

Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)

OH WAIT LEMME TELL YOU ABOUT CECILIA PAYNE.

Cecilia Payne’s mother refused to spend money on her college education, so she won a scholarship to Cambridge.

Cecilia Payne completed her studies, but Cambridge wouldn’t give her a degree because she was a woman, so she said fuck that and moved to the United States to work at Harvard.

Cecilia Payne was the first person ever to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe College, with what Otto Strauve called “the most brilliant Ph.D. thesis ever written in astronomy.”

Not only did Cecilia Payne discover what the universe is made of, she also discovered what the sun is made of (Henry Norris Russell, a fellow astronomer, is usually given credit for discovering that the sun’s composition is different from the Earth’s, but he came to his conclusions four years later than Payne—after telling her not to publish).

Cecilia Payne is the reason we know basically anything about variable stars (stars whose brightness as seen from earth fluctuates). Literally every other study on variable stars is based on her work.

Cecilia Payne was the first woman to be promoted to full professor from within Harvard, and is often credited with breaking the glass ceiling for women in the Harvard science department and in astronomy, as well as inspiring entire generations of women to take up science.

Cecilia Payne is awesome and everyone should know her.

(via bansheewhale)

carbon2:

bassfanimation:

comedownstairsandsayhello:

frecklesandink:

momamiaaa:

Jellyfish Lake in Palau. Apparently the jellies have lost their ability to sting because of lack of predators in the lake and you can swim with them!

BUCKET LIST.

WAIT BUT THAT’S NOT EVEN THE COOLEST PART: These jellyfish carry small populations of algae inside their bodies and derive much of their nutrition from the sugars that the algae produce. The jellyfish follow the sun across the lake each day and rotate continuously, so that the algae are always getting maximum sunlight exposure for photosynthesis. Then at night they dive to deeper parts of the lake so the algae can absorb nitrogen. It’s one of the best examples of endosymbiosis in action and it’s KICKASS.

FLOATY FRIEND CABBAGES

SCIENCE

carbon2:

bassfanimation:

comedownstairsandsayhello:

frecklesandink:

momamiaaa:

Jellyfish Lake in Palau. Apparently the jellies have lost their ability to sting because of lack of predators in the lake and you can swim with them!

BUCKET LIST.

WAIT BUT THAT’S NOT EVEN THE COOLEST PART: These jellyfish carry small populations of algae inside their bodies and derive much of their nutrition from the sugars that the algae produce. The jellyfish follow the sun across the lake each day and rotate continuously, so that the algae are always getting maximum sunlight exposure for photosynthesis. Then at night they dive to deeper parts of the lake so the algae can absorb nitrogen. It’s one of the best examples of endosymbiosis in action and it’s KICKASS.

FLOATY FRIEND CABBAGES

SCIENCE

theweekmagazine:

Nasa: The moon’s underground caves could house astronauts
These so-called “lunar pits” could potentially provide quite the shelter

theweekmagazine:

Nasa: The moon’s underground caves could house astronauts

These so-called “lunar pits” could potentially provide quite the shelter

Anonymous: Towards the whole "pronouns hurt people's feelings" topic. Am I REALLY the only person on the planet that thinks people are becoming far to sensative? Nearly to the point that they shouldn't leave their little home bubbles in the case that a bird chirps next to them in a way that sounds like a mean word. Maybe, JUST MAYBE, we're becoming a little TOO coddling and people need to learn to deal with simplistic shit like words. And yes, I've been insulted and made fun of. I got over it. So can you.

thefrogman:

Supposedly invented by the Chinese, there is an ancient form of torture that is nothing more than cold, tiny drops falling upon a person’s forehead. 

On its own, a single drop is nothing. It falls upon the brow making a tiny splash. It doesn’t hurt. No real harm comes from it. 

In multitudes, the drops are still fairly harmless. Other than a damp forehead, there really is no cause for concern. 

The key to the torture is being restrained. You cannot move. You must feel each drop. You have lost all control over stopping these drops of water from splashing on your forehead. 

It still doesn’t seem like that big of a deal. But person after person, time and time again—would completely unravel psychologically. They all had a breaking point where each drop turned into a horror. Building and building until all sense of sanity was completely lost. 

"It was just a joke, quite being so sensitive."

"They used the wrong pronoun, big deal."

"So your parents don’t understand, it could be worse."

Day after day. Drop after drop. It builds up. A single instance on its own is no big deal. A few drops, not a problem. But when you are restrained, when you cannot escape the drops, when it is unending—these drops can be agony. 

People aren’t sensitive because they can’t take a joke. Because they can’t take being misgendered one time. Because they lack a thick skin. 

People are sensitive because the drops are unending and they have no escape from them. 

You are only seeing the tiny, harmless, single drop hitting these so-called “sensitive” people. You are failing to see the thousands of drops endured before that. You are failing to see the restraints that make them inescapable.

drnerdlove:

seananmcguire:

seananmcguire:

vixyish:

crystaltokyogorepolice:

teenagemutantnegroturtle:

ask-aphsiberia:

mr-pond-parties-in-the-impala:

cosbyykidd:

It’s worked for white people, I figured I might as well give it a shot.

GET THIS GUY TO DISNEY WORLD DAMN IT

I want you to go man!

if this was a white girl this would have had the notes 3 weeks ago

People are sending him racist messages telling him it’s not gonna happen and he doesn’t belong in Disney World over this post. So we’re gonna reblog it even more.

Disney magic is for everyone. Fuck racists.

Disney magic is for everyone, always.

Now that we’re over 900,000 notes, it’s time for DISNEY WORLD ADVICE.  Here’s mine: if you can possibly get the meal plan, do.  It’ll take so much stress out of eating!

Plan your day in advance. Know which rides you want to on and when. If at all possible, get to the park before it opens and head straight to the most popular ride and get those Fast Passes. Trust me: Fast Pass is your friend. 

My advice:
* Plan your trip at an off time (in other words, not during a major holiday, spring break, etc.) and some time during the middle of the week. You tend to have smaller crowds during those times.
* Wear comfortable shoes and clothing. Florida tends to be hot and humid (especially in the summer) so be prepared for that.
* If I recall correctly, you are allowed to bring in your own snacks if you want to. This can come in handy if you get the munchies but don’t want to buy food there. I’ve never used Disney’s meal plan, so I can’t comment on that.
* Do as much research as possible on driving directions, parking, etcetera before you go, give yourself extra time when driving, and try to get there early.
Good luck and have a great time! (ノ◕ヮ◕)ノ

drnerdlove:

seananmcguire:

seananmcguire:

vixyish:

crystaltokyogorepolice:

teenagemutantnegroturtle:

ask-aphsiberia:

mr-pond-parties-in-the-impala:

cosbyykidd:

It’s worked for white people, I figured I might as well give it a shot.

GET THIS GUY TO DISNEY WORLD DAMN IT

I want you to go man!

if this was a white girl this would have had the notes 3 weeks ago

People are sending him racist messages telling him it’s not gonna happen and he doesn’t belong in Disney World over this post. So we’re gonna reblog it even more.

Disney magic is for everyone. Fuck racists.

Disney magic is for everyone, always.

Now that we’re over 900,000 notes, it’s time for DISNEY WORLD ADVICE.  Here’s mine: if you can possibly get the meal plan, do.  It’ll take so much stress out of eating!

Plan your day in advance. Know which rides you want to on and when. If at all possible, get to the park before it opens and head straight to the most popular ride and get those Fast Passes. Trust me: Fast Pass is your friend. 

My advice:

* Plan your trip at an off time (in other words, not during a major holiday, spring break, etc.) and some time during the middle of the week. You tend to have smaller crowds during those times.

* Wear comfortable shoes and clothing. Florida tends to be hot and humid (especially in the summer) so be prepared for that.

* If I recall correctly, you are allowed to bring in your own snacks if you want to. This can come in handy if you get the munchies but don’t want to buy food there. I’ve never used Disney’s meal plan, so I can’t comment on that.

* Do as much research as possible on driving directions, parking, etcetera before you go, give yourself extra time when driving, and try to get there early.

Good luck and have a great time! (ノ◕ヮ◕)ノ

penguinsparade:

teacupstarling:

makeoutinheaven:

dunebat:

coldswarkids:

edwardspoonhands:

thelegendofkungjew:

doxian:

d-dinosaur:

rknjl:

newvagabond:

NO “TELEPHONES”. TALK TO EACH OTHER. FACE TO FACE ONLY. WRITE A LETTER. SEND A TELEGRAM TO YOUR MOM. PRETEND IT’S 1860. LIVE.

NO ‘WRITING’… TALK TO EACH OTHER. THROW A ROCK AT YOUR MOM. PRETEND IT’S 10,000 BCE.  LIVE.

URGGA. ROU GRAAURH. RUH.
<SMACKS HANDS ON WALL WITH PAINT.>

NO ‘HIGHER BRAIN FUNCTIONS’ …USE YOUR REPTILIAN BRAIN
EAT YOUR MOM’S CORPSE SHE DIED TO PROVIDE YOU WITH SUSTENANCE
PRETEND YOU HAVE JUST AROSE FROM THE SEA
SURVIVE

NO “MULTICELLULAR TRAITS”….. USE YOUR SYMBIOTIC MITOCHONDRIA
REPRODUCE ASEXUALLY, YOU’RE YOUR OWN PARENT
PRETEND IT’S 2BYA
EVOLVE

NO “LIFE.” USE FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL FORCES TO FORM SPHERICAL OBJECTS REVOLVING AROUND ONE ANOTHER IN SPACE. 
FUSE HYDROGEN INTO HELIUM USING GRAVITATIONAL PRESSURE TO PRODUCE HEAT AND LIGHT. 
PRETEND IT’S 4.5BYA.
STABILIZE INTO EQUILIBRIA

NO “MATTER”.  EXIST IN THE VOID WITHOUT PURPOSE OR MEANING.
THERE IS NO “YOU”, ONLY THE VAST CONCEPT OF NOTHING.
TIME DOES NOT EXIST.
BE.

Wow.

I feel like something really important just happened

this is the best thing I’ve ever read

I think the Void has finally stared back at me.

penguinsparade:

teacupstarling:

makeoutinheaven:

dunebat:

coldswarkids:

edwardspoonhands:

thelegendofkungjew:

doxian:

d-dinosaur:

rknjl:

newvagabond:

NO “TELEPHONES”. TALK TO EACH OTHER. FACE TO FACE ONLY. WRITE A LETTER. SEND A TELEGRAM TO YOUR MOM. PRETEND IT’S 1860. LIVE.

NO ‘WRITING’… TALK TO EACH OTHER. THROW A ROCK AT YOUR MOM. PRETEND IT’S 10,000 BCE.  LIVE.

URGGA. ROU GRAAURH. RUH.

<SMACKS HANDS ON WALL WITH PAINT.>

NO ‘HIGHER BRAIN FUNCTIONS’ …USE YOUR REPTILIAN BRAIN

EAT YOUR MOM’S CORPSE SHE DIED TO PROVIDE YOU WITH SUSTENANCE

PRETEND YOU HAVE JUST AROSE FROM THE SEA

SURVIVE

NO “MULTICELLULAR TRAITS”….. USE YOUR SYMBIOTIC MITOCHONDRIA

REPRODUCE ASEXUALLY, YOU’RE YOUR OWN PARENT

PRETEND IT’S 2BYA

EVOLVE

NO “LIFE.” USE FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL FORCES TO FORM SPHERICAL OBJECTS REVOLVING AROUND ONE ANOTHER IN SPACE. 

FUSE HYDROGEN INTO HELIUM USING GRAVITATIONAL PRESSURE TO PRODUCE HEAT AND LIGHT. 

PRETEND IT’S 4.5BYA.

STABILIZE INTO EQUILIBRIA

NO “MATTER”.  EXIST IN THE VOID WITHOUT PURPOSE OR MEANING.

THERE IS NO “YOU”, ONLY THE VAST CONCEPT OF NOTHING.

TIME DOES NOT EXIST.

BE.

Wow.

I feel like something really important just happened

this is the best thing I’ve ever read

I think the Void has finally stared back at me.

asteriskos:

Don’t worry, the tag invasions will end when school starts again and everyone on /b/ has to get ready for their first day of eighth grade

I’ve never been female. But I have been black my whole life. And so, let me perhaps offer some insight from that perspective, because there are many similar social issues related to access, to equal opportunity that we find in the black community and the community of women in a male dominated — white male dominated — society. And I’ll be brief because I wanna get to more questions. When I look at, throughout my life, I’ve known that I wanted to do astrophysics since I was 9 years old, my first visit to the Hayden Planetarium. I was a little younger than Victor at the time, although he did it before I did. So I got to see how the world around me reacted to my expression of these ambitions. And all I can say is, the fact that I wanted to be a scientist, an astrophysicist, was hands down the path of most resistance through the forces of society. Anytime I expressed this interest teachers would say “Don’t you want to be an athlete?” I wanted to become something that was outside the paradigms of expectation of the people in power. And so fortunately my depth of interest in the universe was so deep and so fuel-enriched that every one of these curveballs thrown at me and fences built in front of me and hills that I had to climb, I just reached for more fuel and I kept going. Now here I am, one, I think, one of the most visible scientists in the land, and I want to look behind me say, well, where are the others who might have been this and they’re not there? And I wonder. what is the blood on the tracks that I happened to survive that others did not? Simply because of the forces of society that prevent it at every turn. At every turn. To the point that I have security guards following me as I go through department stores presuming that I am a thief…I walked out of a store one time and the alarm went off, so they came running to me. I walked through the gate at the same time a white male walked through the gate. And that guy just walked off with the stolen goods, knowing that they would stop me, and not him. That’s an interesting sort of exploitation, what a scam that was…I think people should do that more often! [laughs] So my life experience tells me that when you don’t find blacks in the sciences, when you don’t find women in the sciences, I know that these forces are real, and I had to survive them to get where I am today. So before we start talking about genetic differences, you’ve got to come up with a system where there’s equal opportunity. Then we can have that conversation.

Neil deGrasse Tyson (via yayfeminism)

oppressionisntrad:

agenderdefender:

megasumpex:

4chancounterspam:

Everyone, the spam isn’t over.
/b/ is planning to keep spamming, and they’re taking it to a personal level. Be super careful when tagging your selfies!!!

4chan confirmed for literal Shit

this is terrifying please take caution

if someone does this to you DO NOT SAY ANYTHING TO THEM. dont post about, dont say anything that would hint to the fact that you know about it.write down the post url, the blog url, the photo link, and any other information you have.then take it directly to the police.they can get arrested for defemation/slander, harassment, sexual harassment, and even pedophilia if youre a minor.if they know you know theyll likely delete it before anything can be done.someone did this to me when i was 14, by a 43 year old man from 4chan, and he edited it so i appeared to be nude and performing oral sex, and he was arrested for it.once one of them gets arrested/in legal trouble theyll all stop.

oppressionisntrad:

agenderdefender:

megasumpex:

4chancounterspam:

Everyone, the spam isn’t over.

/b/ is planning to keep spamming, and they’re taking it to a personal level. Be super careful when tagging your selfies!!!

4chan confirmed for literal Shit

this is terrifying please take caution

if someone does this to you DO NOT SAY ANYTHING TO THEM. dont post about, dont say anything that would hint to the fact that you know about it.
write down the post url, the blog url, the photo link, and any other information you have.
then take it directly to the police.
they can get arrested for defemation/slander, harassment, sexual harassment, and even pedophilia if youre a minor.
if they know you know theyll likely delete it before anything can be done.
someone did this to me when i was 14, by a 43 year old man from 4chan, and he edited it so i appeared to be nude and performing oral sex, and he was arrested for it.
once one of them gets arrested/in legal trouble theyll all stop.